Last Updated on July 16, 2022 by Nafi
A pocket bike is usually made with a 2-stroke engine. However, Some manufacturers use a 4-stroke engine at their pocket bike for energy efficiency. While a 4-stroke engine is more energy-efficient, a 2-stroke engine is more powerful. So, in terms of performance, a 2-stroke engine is just a road killer.
Basically, Pocket bikes are mini bikes for the younger rider. It comes with a small wheel for convenient practice by minor riders. But with the passage of time, it’s been popular to the adult people and so manufacturers started its production with higher frequency. But with the increase of its use in racing, it’s now being manufactured by several companies.
How does stroke and then combustion work?
The stroke of an engine plays the same role as a pocket bike or a dirt bike does. The word stroke in an engine refers to a single step in an engine cycle. Manufacturers classified their bikes into two groups. They provided 2 strokes to some of their bikes and 4 stoke to some others. 2 stroke engines are less energy-efficient than 4 stroke engines, so the consumer enjoys the 4-stoke edition most of the time.
In order to know how these two engines are different, you initially got to become conversant in the fundamentals.
During an engine’s combustion cycle, the piston moves up and down within the cylinder. The terms top dead center(TDC) and bottom dead center(BDC) refer to the piston’s position within the cylinder. TDC is its position nearest to the valves, and BDC is its position furthest from them. A stroke is when the piston moves from TDC to BDC or the other way around. A combustion revolution or combustion cycle is the complete process of gas and air being sucked into the piston, igniting it, and expelling the exhaust.
In 4-stroke pocket bike engine
Intake: The piston moves down the cylinder allowing a mix of fuel and air into the combustion chamber
Compression: The piston moves copy the cylinder; the valve is closed to compress the gasses within
Power: A spark from the sparking plug ignites the gas
Exhaust: The piston goes copy the cylinder and therefore the valve is opened
But, in the case of 2-stroke, intake and compression are done at the same move of the piston. Similarly, combustion and exhaust occur at a single opposite move.
In a 4-stroke engine, the piston completes 2-strokes during each revolution: one compression stroke and one exhaust stroke, each being followed by a return stroke. The spark plugs fire only once every other revolution, and power is produced every 4-strokes of the piston. These engines also do not require pre-mixing of fuel and oil, as they have a separate compartment for the oil.
In a 2-stroke engine, the entire combustion cycle is completed with just one piston stroke: a compression stroke followed by the explosion of the compressed fuel. During the return stroke, the exhaust is let out and a fresh fuel mixture enters the cylinder. The spark plugs fire once every single revolution, and power is produced once every 2-strokes of the piston. Two-stroke engines also require the oil to be pre-mixed in with the fuel.
So what is better?
As far as efficiency goes, the 4-stroke certainly stands first. This is often because fuel is consumed once every 4 strokes. Four-stroke engines are heavier; they weigh upwards of fifty quite comparable with 2-stroke engines.
Since pocket bikes are thought to be operated by younger groups of riders, these needed more efficiency. But as long as it’s been famous to be used in racing, manufacturers made their focus on the performance. And so most of them begin to use 2-stroke.
Typically, a 2-stroke engine creates more torque at a better RPM, while a 4-stroke engine creates a better torque at a lower RPM. The 4-stroke engine is additionally much quieter, a 2-stoke engine is significantly louder and features a distinctive, high-pitched buzzing sound. It’s because 2-stroke engines are designed to run at a better RPM, they also tend to wear out faster your pocket bike; a 4-stroke engine is usually more durable. With all of what is good with 4-stroke, 2-stroke engines are more powerful.
Two-stroke engines are a way simpler design, making them easier to repair. They do not have valves but rather ports. Four-stroke engines have more parts, therefore they are costlier and repairs cost more. Two-stroke engines require pre-mixing of oil and fuel, while the 4-strokes don’t. Four-strokes are more environmentally friendly; during a 2-stroke engine, burnt oil is additionally released into the air with the exhaust.
Two-stroke engines are typically found in smaller vehicles like small cars, chainsaws, boat motors, and dirt bikes. Four-stroke engines are found in anything from go-karts, lawnmowers, and dirt bikes, right up to the standard combustion engine in the vehicle. It’s up to you to make your decision which engine you choose to have and for why.
Why choose a 2-stroke engine?
- They have more frequency of power cycle.
- Generate more power.
- Cost less expense in comparison with 4-stroke
- Technically simple and so easy to fix.
- Small in size and so doesn’t look huge.
- Weigh less and so easy to walk with.
Why choose a 4-stroke engine?
- They are more energy-efficient.
- Perfect for random use by young teens.
- Perfect for sensitive kids who can’t tolerate high-frequency sound weave.
- More style and design.
- More availability due to more demand.
- Require less cooling in comparison due to having more space and delayed process.
Understanding all about the pros and cons of stroke doesn’t mean you will look for a pocket bike only depending on the number of strokes discussed above. You should consider all the subsequent options and features of the pocket bikes available in the market. The working principle of both 4-stroke and 2-stroke engines is always being developed over time. So things can be different from what you are thinking about.
The discussion above is as per my personal opinion from experience. Use your brain and utilize your experience.